In June 2014, the Association of State and Territorial Health Officials administered a survey to collect information about activities and policies to address prescription opioid abuse and overdose. Individual profiles were created for the 48 states, two U.S. territories, and one freely associated state that responded to the survey. The profiles provide an understanding of the current environment of state activities to address prescription drug abuse, ranging from prevention strategies to surveillance and monitoring (PDMPs), law enforcement, and treatment and recovery.
While not legally required, it is strongly encouraged. Each agency should establish standard operating procedures (SOPs) for law enforcement overdose response activities. These procedures should be drafted in consultation with the governing laws of the jurisdiction and any applicable collective bargaining units. If applicable, policies should integrate the provisions of relevant 9-1-1 Good Samaritan laws, as well as the department’s policy on information gathering, searches, arrests, and other activities at the scene of an overdose.