Last month, the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) released a 2020 yearend report detailing data findings from the BJS Annual Probation Survey, Annual Parole Survey, and Federal Justice Statistics Program. During 2020, the number of people on probation decreased from 3,330,200 to 3,053,700 (down 8.3%), the largest annual decline since the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) began the probation collection in 1980. Whereas the number of adults on parole increased 1.3% during 2020, from 851,000 on January 1, 2020 to 862,100 at yearend. As the 29th in its series since 1981, this report includes demographics of the population such as sex, race or ethnicity, and most serious offense of adult U.S. residents under correctional supervision. It also shares key findings and data highlights along with the factors that resulted in people moving onto and off community supervision throughout 2020.