This month, the National Institute of Justice issued an evaluation of a limited study on ten state-based task forces using the Enhanced Collaborative Model (ECM) to Combat Human Trafficking launched in 2010. Due to its complex nature, human trafficking crimes are difficult to detect thereby creating significant barriers for disruption. Many jurisdictions also struggle to identify crimes for both sex and labor trafficking because of varied understandings or limited knowledge of the root causes. As a result, those offenses are often not prosecuted under available trafficking statutes, denying survivors the full protection of the law. In recognition of Human Trafficking Prevention Month, this brief summarizes the trafficking task force study, with a focus on major findings and conclusions, and recommendations for policy and practice.