TTA Spotlight

Welcome to NTTAC’s TTA Spotlight! Through these TTA Spotlights, NTTAC will highlight those TTA engagements that have demonstrated success in achieving meaningful impact in the criminal justice system. It is our hope that these TTA Spotlights will enhance awareness and understanding of best practices to be replicated by criminal justice professionals. By highlighting these model engagements, NTTAC hopes to facilitate the sharing of information on provider capabilities, critical success factors, and achieved impact in order to strengthen the level of collaboration across the criminal justice community.

According to the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s Uniform Crime Report, an estimated 11.3 million people were arrested in 2013. Between the time defendants are arrested and they make their initial appearance in court, what should happen to them? Pretrial services offered during this time have the potential to reduce crime while maximizing resources and public safety. That said, the pretrial services a jurisdiction offers, which might include initial screenings, risk assessments, release recommendations, and pretrial supervision, often vary significantly across agencies.


According to the Bureau of Justice Statistics, at the end of 2013 there were an estimated 4.75 million adults under community supervision. While this was down nearly 30,000 from 2012, it still means an average of one in 51 adults is in such a position. Those high numbers have strained the caseload of community corrections departments, many of which do not have a large number of probation or parole officers.


The Portland, Oregon Police Bureau (Police Bureau) has 940 officers—a 1.6 officer per 1,000 resident ratio. While this may seem like sufficient resources, it is actually below the national average. With a low ratio of officers, it is paramount the Police Bureau use its resources as efficiently as possible.


Enforcing community supervision for released inmates is a persistent challenge for the criminal justice system. This challenge comes at a high cost as many probationers and parolees are revoked and returned to prison on technical violations, such as continued drug use and no-shows for appointments. In an attempt to reduce violation rates and the associated costs, many jurisdictions are testing a new approach. This new approach, referred to as the Swift and Certain (SAC) model, is modeled after a program that was originally tested on high-risk probationers in Hawaii.